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Definition of Premenstrual Syndrome

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Premenstrual syndrome or PMS is also referred to as PMT or premenstrual tension. This type of condition is a collated form of emotional, physical and psychological symptoms that is associated with a woman’s menstrual cycle. Though most females of child-bearing age have physical and psychological symptoms that can be attributed to normal ovary functions like bloating or tenderness of the breast, the medical definitions of PMS often refer to the frequent pattern of emotional and physical symptoms that occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms typically manifest ten days before menses with symptoms that are quite predictable. The symptoms may vanish either after or shortly before the onset of menstrual flow.

PMS is not a widely common occurrence among women as it only affects about 2% to 5% of women who are of childbearing age. There can be many possible underlying reasons for PMS but the real cause is not yet truly known. While the lutal phase of the ovulation cycle is associated with PMS, the levels of sex hormones are within the normal range. Thorough studies done on twins show that incidence of PMS is two times higher in monozygotic twins than in dizygotic twin. Women with PMS symptoms have shown to have low levels of beta-endorphin which may be a sign of susceptibility to PMS symptoms.

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Written by Valerie

October 12th, 2013 at 7:48 am

Posted in Acupuncture